sexta-feira, 4 de março de 2011


I will present a summary of the work of Professor Alexander Guida navarro entitled "MAYAN CIVILIZATION: ARCHAEOLOGICAL BACKGROUND AND HISTORIOGRAPHY. The geographical position where he was the Mayan civilization covers a territory which today is part of Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and Belize. This people's history has been basically divided into three phases according to the experts: Pre-Classic Period (800 BC In 300 AD) Classical Period (300 AD In 900 AD) and Post Classic (900-1520 AD)
Analyzing the legacy of the Mayan people see that their scholars spent much of his time in astrological studies and predictions. The region of Tikal came to occupy an area of 63 square kilometers with a population of approximately 60,000 people.

Archaeological observations show that there was a decline in the Mayan culture in the year 800 AD In the regions south of downtown, while that between the years 800 to 1000 there was an evolution and peak in the low lands of northern Mexico. Many archaeologists believe that the decline of Mayan civilization in the post-Classical period occurred because the services are no longer celebrated in a big celebration in urban centers and began to be celebrated in family worship, with little public appeal.

Chichen Itza was probably the city that ruled the northern region. Mayan cities were important: Teotihuacan Cacaxtla, Lamanai, Nohmul, Mayapán and Tulum. Many scholars and archaeologists have dedicated themselves to uncover the daily life and how it developed the Mayan culture, among them we can mention: Jeremy Sabloff, J. Eric Thompson, Teoberto Maler, Sylvanus Morley, Andrews IV, V Andrews, William Coe. There's still many questions about the Mayan people and historiography still give us new insights into this powerful people who lived in Pre-Columbian America. (By Historian Valdemir Mota de Menezes)